The Department of Nephrology in Shrimann Super Specialty Hospital provides comprehensive health care for patients with different types of renal (kidney) diseases. Acute and chronic renal diseases caused by diabetes mellitus, hypertension, stone disease, infection, hereditary illness and poisons are diagnosed and managed.
Dialysis is a procedure that is a substitute for many of the normal functions of the kidney. Dialysis can allow individuals to live productive and useful lives, even though their kidneys no longer work adequately. Hemodialysis is the most common type of dialysis. It uses an artificial kidney, known as a hemodialyzer, to remove waste and chemicals from your blood. The two types of vascular access designed for long-term dialysis treatments are an arteriovenous (AV) fistula, which connects an artery and a vein and an AV graft, which is a looped tube. For short-term use, a catheter may be inserted into the large vein in your neck. CAPD stands for Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis, because it happens throughout the day, at home or at work, while the person goes about his or her daily life. During CAPD, a bag of a dialysis fluid is drained into the peritoneal cavity through a Tenckhoff Catheter. The fluid is left in the body for 4 to 6 hours, while it absorbs the waste products from the blood, through the peritoneum. The fluid is then drained out.
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